• Identify Mirai Variant Infected Devices from SSDP Response
    Identify Mirai Variant Infected Devices from SSDP Response
    As it has been discussed in some reports from security researchers, devices infected with Mirai and its variants are forming large-scale botnets, which are often leveraged as a platform for attacks such as DDoS and other malicious activities. JPCERT/CC has been conducting investigation and analysis of infection activities caused by Mirai variants from 2016 and providing measures to prevent further infection both in Japan and overseas. At the end of...

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  • Investigate Unauthorised Logon Attempts using LogonTracer Forensic
    Investigate Unauthorised Logon Attempts using LogonTracer
    In the recent article, we introduced the concept and the use of "LogonTracer", a tool to support Windows event log analysis. This article presents how unauthorised logon attempts can be identified using this tool. Please refer to the Wiki for LogonTracer installation. Points for Investigation LogonTracer serves as a tool to support the log analysis rather than to detect unauthorised logon itself. For an effective investigation using this tool, we...

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  • Research Report Released: Detecting Lateral Movement through Tracking Event Logs (Version 2) Forensic
    Research Report Released: Detecting Lateral Movement through Tracking Event Logs (Version 2)
    In June 2017, JPCERT/CC released a report “Detecting Lateral Movement through Tracking Event Logs” on tools and commands that are likely used by attackers in lateral movement, and traces that are left on Windows OS as a result of such tool/command execution. After the release, we received a lot of feedback on the report, and until now we had been working on the revision based on the comments. Today, we...

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  • Visualise Event Logs to Identify Compromised Accounts - LogonTracer - Forensic
    Visualise Event Logs to Identify Compromised Accounts - LogonTracer -
    Hello again, this is Shusei Tomonaga from the Analysis Center. Event log analysis is a key element in security incident investigation. If a network is managed by Active Directory (hereafter, AD), can be identified by analysing AD event logs. For such investigation, it is quite difficult to conduct detailed analysis in AD event viewer; it is rather common to export the logs to text format or import them into SIEM/log...

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  • Chase up Datper’s Communication Logs with Splunk/Elastic Stack Incident
    Chase up Datper’s Communication Logs with Splunk/Elastic Stack
    The last article introduced some features of Datper malware and a Python script for detecting its distinctive communication. Based on that, we are presenting how to search proxy logs for Datper’s communication using log management tools – Splunk and Elastic Stack (Elasticsearch, Logstash and Kibana). For Splunk To extract Datper’s communication log using Splunk, the first thing you need to do is to create a custom search command as follows....

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  • Detecting Datper Malware from Proxy Logs Malware
    Detecting Datper Malware from Proxy Logs
    This is Yu Nakamura from Analysis Center. This entry is to explain features of Datper, malware used for targeted attacks against Japanese organisations and how to detect it from the logs. JPCERT/CC has been observing attacks using Datper since around June 2016. Research reports on the adversary are published from LAC [1], SecureWorks [2] and Palo Alto Networks [3]. The adversary had also conducted attacks using Daserf malware in the...

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  • What the Avalanche Botnet Takedown Revealed: Banking Trojan Infection in Japan Malware
    What the Avalanche Botnet Takedown Revealed: Banking Trojan Infection in Japan
    Internet banking services across the globe have been exposed to the threat by unauthorized money transfers and suffering large-scale losses. In this landscape, an operation led by international law enforcement agencies has been in effect since November 2016 to capture criminal groups conducting unauthorised online banking transfers and dismantle the attack infrastructure (the Avalanche botnet). JPCERT/CC is one of the many supporters of this operation. For more information about the...

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  • Clustering Malware Variants Using “impfuzzy for Neo4j” Malware
    Clustering Malware Variants Using “impfuzzy for Neo4j”
    In a past article, we introduced “impfuzzy for Neo4j”, a tool to visualise results of malware clustering (developed by JPCERT/CC). In this article, we will show the result of clustering Emdivi using the tool. Emdivi had been seen until around 2015 in targeted attacks against Japanese organisations. For more information about Emdivi, please refer to JPCERT/CC’s report. Clustering Emdivi with impfuzzy for Neo4j Emdivi has two major variants - t17...

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  • Research Report Released: Detecting Lateral Movement through Tracking Event Logs Forensic
    Research Report Released: Detecting Lateral Movement through Tracking Event Logs
    JPCERT/CC has been seeing a number of APT intrusions where attackers compromise a host with malware then moving laterally inside network in order to steal confidential information. For lateral movement, attackers use tools downloaded on infected hosts and Windows commands. In incident investigation, traces of tool and command executions are examined through logs. For an effective incident investigation, a reference about logs recorded upon tool and command executions would be...

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  • Fact-finding Report on the Establishment and Operation of CSIRTs in Japan Other
    Fact-finding Report on the Establishment and Operation of CSIRTs in Japan
    Hello, this is Misaki Kimura from Watch and Warning Group. JPCERT/CC conducted “Survey on the Establishment and Operation of CSIRTs in Japan” in the end of 2015. Following the Japanese report released in 2016, we have just released the English version of the report on JPCERT/CC website to share the outcomes with the information security community member all around the globe. Although the basis of social composition, culture, organizational constitution...

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